How you can avoid heart attack risks symptoms prevention
Please Watch this Video to Know what to do When Heart Attack Happens
What is Heart Disease
According to Dr. Ambuj Rai, Senior of All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, the heart is an important part of the body. It beats about one lakh times in a day and 60-90 times in a minute. It keeps pushing blood through the body with every beat. The heart gets its nutrition and oxygen from the blood, which is provided by the coronary arteries.
There are many diseases associated with this which are known by different names. These diseases are silent killers in a way. If it is not checked on time, then the condition comes of heart attack, which increases the risk of the patient's life.
With an artery block or heart attack, there will be a feeling of pressure and pain in the chest as well as a stretch.
Nausea, heartburn and abdominal pain
Some people experience nausea, heartburn, stomach pain, or digestive problems before they develop serious heart problems.
Pain in Hand
Many times a heart patient starts complaining of pain in the chest and left shoulder. This pain gradually starts moving down towards the hands.
Cough for several days:
If you have been coughing and cold for a long time and the sputum is turning white or pink in color then it is a symptom of heart failure.
Difficulty in breathing or shortness of breath is a major symptom of heart failure.
Sweating more than usual, especially when you are not doing any physical activity, can be a warning to you.
Swelling in the feet, ankles, soles and ankles can mean that the blood circulation in your heart is not proper.
Dizziness or Spinning of Head
Sometimes symptoms like dizziness, spinning of the head, fainting and feeling very tired are also a warning.
Reasons of Heart Attack
- Increase in cholesterol
- Drinking wine
- High blood pressure
These Three Tests are necessary
- Troponin Test
This test checks the level of troponin protein. This protein is released when there is damage to the heart muscle.
It measures the pressure exerted on the heart by the electrical activities of the heart.
- Echo cardiogram
This is a cardiac ultrasound, through which information about the heart muscle is given more clearly.
What are the Cardiac Arrest Figures in India
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the annual number of deaths from Cardio Vascular Disease (CVD) in India has reached 4.7 million, up from around 2.2 million by 1990. The prevalence rate of coronary heart diseases in India has increased significantly over the past three decades. It has increased from 1.6% to 7.4% in the rural population and from 1% to 13.2% in the urban population.
Overall, 28.1% of the deaths in the country were recorded due to CVD in 2016
You Can Check Yourself
If you do not get out of breath or have chest pain after walking 3 to 4 kms daily, then your heart is healthy. If there is a heart patient and there is no breathlessness after climbing stairs or walking 2 km, then you can exercise like normal people, otherwise do exercise by asking a doctor.
When does a heart attack happen?
Dr. Shanti, Medical Superintendent, Apollo Hospitals, Chennai said, "A heart attack occurs when a blood clot forms in a weakened heart artery and prevents oxygen from reaching the heart muscle. Even after recovering from corona, the risk of heart attack has increased in many people.
What should we eat to prevent Heart Attack
Eat high fiber and low fat diet such as wheat, jowar, oats, millet etc. flour or porridge.
Eat one or two cloves of garlic, 5-6 almonds and 1-2 walnuts daily.
In addition to low-glycemic index fruits like berries, papayas, apples, peaches, eat green vegetables.
Olive oil, canola, sesame or mustard oil, a small amount of desi ghee are also good.
Do not Intake or Consume These things:
- Butter, cream, vegetable ghee etc.
- saturated fat
- Flour, Semolina, White Rice, Sugar, Potato
- ie white things
- Packed items such as packed juices, bakery items, sauces etc.
- Do not take more than half a teaspoon of salt daily
- very sweet things (sweets, chocolates)
Join CPR in 10th-12th studies
According to Delhi AIIMS senior doctor Ambuj Rai, deaths due to heart attack are preventable. For this it is necessary to have knowledge of CPR i.e. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. CPR education should also be included in the 10th and 12th syllabus. So that everyone knows how to be protected when an attack occurs?
How to give CPR...
- Get down on your knees next to the patient and place your right hand on the patient's chest. Place the other hand on top of it and interlock the fingers.
- Press the center of the chest firmly with the palms for 10 minutes.
- Press repeatedly at a speed of 80 to 100 in a minute. Press the chest 100 times in 60 seconds.
- Make sure to press hard and press hard. Each time the chest should go down one and a half inches while pressing.
- Do this continuously till you get medical help. Don't stop in the middle.